Hysteroscopy — examination of the uterus
Hysteroscopy is one of the methods of examination in gynecology, with which a doctor examines the inner surface of the uterus. Hysteroscopy allows the doctor to establish the cause of infertility, to identify the cause of uterine bleeding, as well as to identify some diseases of the uterus and, in some cases, to treat them.
Diagnoses and complaints:
- suspected endometriosis and adenomyosis
- suspected endometrial pathology
- infertility, unsuccessful IVF
- endometrial polyps
- suspected submucosal uterine fibroids
- abnormalities of the uterus development
- adhesions (solders) in the uterine cavity
- uterine and cervical cancer
- preparation for pregnancy after cesarean section, myomectomy, uterine perforation to assess the viability of the scar
- menstrual irregularities in women of reproductive age, in the perimenopausal period, postmenopausal age
- the presence of an IUD in the uterine cavity for more than 5 years and if it is impossible to remove it by wire
- control examination after drug therapy, after instrumental abortion, to control its quality
The uterine examination program is characterized by high efficiency and fast treatment speed!
DETAILED TREATMENT PROGRAM:
1 day (arrival, doctor’s appointment, delivery of medical tests, hospitalization, operation)
The patient undergoes paperwork through the hospital admissions department. Hospitalization of the patient is carried out in single or double comfortable wards. Preparing the patient for surgery. In the absence of pathology and deviations from the norm in the results of the examination, the patient is hospitalized for surgery.
2-3 day (discharge)
The patient receives the necessary detailed recommendations from the attending doctor. Preparation of discharge documents.
The described surgical treatment program may vary depending on the individual health status of each woman in consultation with a medical specialist. The results of a histological examination are the final diagnostic method and the basis for further treatment.
What is hysteroscopy need for?
Hysteroscopy can be performed both for diagnostic purposes (establishing the cause of the disease and diagnosis), and for the treatment:
Diagnostic hysteroscopy provides the gynecologist with the data necessary for making a diagnosis. So, for example, using hysteroscopy, the presence of adhesions inside the uterus (long cords located between the walls of the uterus), polyps (outgrowths of the uterine mucosa – endometrium), myomas (benign tumor of the muscle layer of the uterus) and other changes in the uterine cavity can be detected. If endometrial cancer (uterine cancer) is suspected during a hysteroscopy, the doctor performs a biopsy (takes a small area of the tumor, which is then examined under a microscope).
Surgical hysteroscopy involves medical manipulations, during which the doctor cuts the septum inside the uterus, removes the polyps of the uterus, adhesions.
In what cases can hysteroscopy be prescribed?
Hysteroscopy is an effective method for the diagnosis of some diseases of the uterus, and also allows you to find out the cause of the following symptoms:
- Infertility – the absence of pregnancy for no apparent reason.
- Miscarriage – spontaneous (self-arbitrary) abortions.
- Uterine bleeding in women with menopause.
- Dysfunctional uterine bleeding - uterine bleeding with an irregular menstrual cycle, which develop as a result of a malfunction of the ovaries in women of childbearing age.
Hysteroscopy is usually prescribed if the following diseases of the female genital area are suspected:
Anomalies in the development of the uterus: septa dividing the uterine cavity into several sections, a two-horned uterus, a unicorn uterus (underdevelopment of one half of the uterus), etc.
Internal endometriosis (adenomyosis) – the disease that is characterized by the appearance of the endometrium (the inner lining of the uterus) in the myometrium (the muscle layer of the uterus).
Uterine fibroids – a benign tumor of the muscle layer of the uterus.
Uterine polyps – excessive proliferation of the inner lining of the uterus – the endometrium.
Endometrial cancer – a malignant disease characterized by the appearance of a tumor of the inner layer of the uterus.