Sexually transmitted infections (STIs)

18 February 2021

For the sexually transmitted infections prevention day

Sexually transmitted infections (hereinafter – STIs) adversely affect the health of adults and children around the world. If left untreated, they are fraught with serious chronic health consequences, including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, neurological and cardiovascular disease and an increased risk of HIV infection.

According to the World Health Organization, every day more than 1 million people aged 15 to 49 are infected with treatable sexually transmitted infections.

Today we know a lot about ways to prevent these diseases, but the rates of infection remain quite high.

Figures and facts:

  • 30 types of bacteria, viruses and parasites are transmitted through sexual contact.
  • 8 of them cause the most common sexually transmitted infections.
  • 4 of these 8 infections – syphilis, gonorrhea, chlamydia and trichomoniasis – are treatable today.
  • 4 infections – hepatitis B, herpes simplex virus (HSV or herpes), HIV and human papillomavirus (HPV) – are viral and untreatable.

Sexually transmitted infections are often asymptomatic. However, if left untreated, they can have serious consequences.

STIs are spread primarily through sexual contact, including vaginal, anal and oral sex. In addition, some STIs are transmitted asexually, for example, through blood or blood products. Many STIs, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, primary infection with hepatitis B virus, HIV and syphilis, can also be passed from mother to fetus during pregnancy and childbirth.

STI symptoms may include unusual discharge from the genitals, rashes on the genital area, painful or frequent urination, itching and redness in the genital area, blisters or sores in or around the mouth, abnormal vaginal odor, anal itching, soreness or bleeding, abdominal pain.

The only way to reliably diagnose an STI is testing. If you worry that you or your partner may have an STI, see a specialist. Even if you don’t have any symptoms, you may have an STI that requires treatment to ensure your and your partners' sexual health.

You can get tested for STIs and HIV infection in the following medical institutions of Minsk (the examination can be anonymous at the request of the patient):

  • Healthcare institution "City Clinical Skin and Venereal Diseases Dispensary" at the address: 46a Pryluckaja vul., Minsk;
  • Outpatient dermatovenerological department №2 of the healthcare institution "City Clinical Skin and Venereal Diseases Dispensary" at the address: 7 Kazlova vul., Minsk;
  • HIV/AIDS prevention department of the state institution "Republican Center for Hygiene, Epidemiology and Public Health" at the address: 4 Klary Cetkin vul., Minsk, hotline number for HIV and AIDS issues – 200-28-83);
  • Polyclinic or women's consultation at the place of residence.

Aliena U. Kavalienka

Head doctor of the healthcare institution "City Clinical Dermatovenerologic Dispensary"

Head non-staff specialist in dermatovenerology of the Health Committee of the Minsk City Executive Committee

Uladzimir I. Jaromič

dermatovenerologist (head) of the outpatient dermatovenerological department No. 4 of the healthcare institution "City Clinical Skin and Venereal Dispensary"